A Glossary of Grammatical Terms


This glossary contains words that are used in the grammar of the English Language. These word are explained with examples.

Browse the glossary using this index

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A

Dr. Ali H. Abureesh

Abbreviation

by Dr. Ali Abureesh - Monday, 1 Rajab 1428, 12:29 AM
 
Many long words, especially those that we use a lot, are shortened; a word that has been shortened is an abbreviation. Eg: Ad \ Advert = Advertisement Eg: Flu = Influenza
 
Dr. Ali H. Abureesh

Absolute Phrase

by Dr. Ali Abureesh - Monday, 1 Rajab 1428, 12:29 AM
 

A modifier usually made from a noun or noun phrase and a participle. It can modify a noun or pronoun or the whole of the base sentence to which it is attached.
eg.:
1- Teeth chattering,we waited for hours in the bitter cold.
2- Who is the best person for the job, all things considered?

 
Dr. Ali H. Abureesh

Abstract Noun

by Dr. Ali Abureesh - Monday, 1 Rajab 1428, 12:29 AM
 
A noun used to describe a quality, idea, or experience rather than something physical or concrete.
eg.:
 
joy, size, language.
 
Dr. Ali H. Abureesh

Accent

by Dr. Ali Abureesh - Monday, 1 Rajab 1428, 12:29 AM
 

1: An articulative effort giving prominence to one syllable over adjacent syllables.
2: A mark used in writing or printing to indicate a specific sound value, stress, or pitch, to distinguish words otherwise identically spelled, or to indicate that an ordinarily mute vowel should be pronounced. People with different accents might use an accent mark to indicate they accent a different syllable.

 
Dr. Ali H. Abureesh

Acronym

by Dr. Ali Abureesh - Monday, 1 Rajab 1428, 12:29 AM
 
An acronym is a kind of abbreviation. It is a word formed by taking letters from a phrase that is too long to use comfortably. eg: Laser is an acronym of Light AMplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation
 
Dr. Ali H. Abureesh

Active Voice

by Dr. Ali Abureesh - Monday, 1 Rajab 1428, 12:29 AM
 
Verb groups such as 'gives', and 'has made', where the subject is the person or thing doing the action or responsible for the action. Compare passive voice. adjectival clause another name for relative clause.
 
Dr. Ali H. Abureesh

Adjective

by Dr. Ali Abureesh - Monday, 1 Rajab 1428, 12:29 AM
 
A word used to tell you more about a thing, such as its appearance, color, size, or other qualities.
eg.:
 a pretty blue dress.
 
Dr. Ali H. Abureesh

Apposition

by Dr. Ali Abureesh - Monday, 1 Rajab 1428, 12:29 AM
 
The placing of a noun group after a headword in order to identify it or give more information about it.
eg.:
1- my daughter Emily.
 

D

Dr. Ali H. Abureesh

Definite Article

by Dr. Ali Abureesh - Monday, 1 Rajab 1428, 12:29 AM
 
'The' is the definite article is English. It is used to restrict the meaning of a noun to make it refer to something that is known by both the speaker or writer and the listener or reader: He's gone to the shops. (Here the listener knows which shops I mean) It can also be used to refer back to something that has already been mentioned: There's a word for that. Now, what is the word? It can be used to refer forwards to something that is coming: The key to the front door is under the mat. It can be used to refer to a group: The car has changed our way of living.